The exam will include questions on the following topics (as of 2015)

**Section 1: General Knowledge and Logical Reasoning (Critical Thinking and Problem Solving)**

Section 1 will assess general knowledge and the logical reasoning skills that

students must possess if they are to succeed in a course of study at the highest

level. Such skills are basic to any academic studies, which often require students to

solve novel problems, or consider arguments put forward to justify a conclusion, or to

promote or defend a particular point of view.

**General Knowledge & Critical Thinking**

General Knowledge questions may address a range of cultural topics, including

aspects of literary, historical, philosophical, social and political culture.

Critical Thinking involves reasoning using everyday written language. Questions

focus on the skills involved in understanding and evaluating arguments. These

include: drawing and summarising conclusions, identifying assumptions and

reasoning errors, and assessing the impact of additional evidence.

Summarising the Main Conclusion

Drawing a Conclusion

Identifying an Assumption

Assessing the Impact of Additional Evidence

Detecting Reasoning Errors

**Problem Solving**

Relevant Selection – Very often a real world problem will be overloaded with information, much of which

is unimportant. This kind of question demands Relevant Selection, in which the task

is to select only that information which is necessary and helpful in finding a solution.

Finding Procedures – Sometimes you will find that even if you have selected all the relevant information, no

solution presents itself. For this type of question, you have to find a method or

procedure which you can use to generate a solution.

Identifying Similarity – In this type of question you will be presented with information and asked to

identify the same information presented in a different way, or a situation in which

different information has a similar structure.

**To prepare for this section, you might find the book “thinking skills” to be very usefull – see the recomended books list**

**Section 2: Biology**

The chemistry of living things

The biological importance of weak interactions. Organic molecules in living organisms and their respective functions. The

role of enzymes.

The cell as the basis of life

Cellular theory. Cell size. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, animal and vegetal. Virus.

Cellular membrane: structure and function – transport via the membrane.

Cellular structures and their specific functions

Bioenergetics

The energy currency of cells: ATP.

The processes of oxidation and reduction in living things.

Energetic procesees: Photosynthesis. Glycolysis. Aerobic respiration.

Fermentation.

Reproduction and Inheritance

Life cycles. Sexual and asexual reproduction.

Mendelian genetics: laws and applications.

Classical genetics: chromosome theory of inheritance – models of inheritance.

Molecular genetics: DNA structure and duplication, genetic code and its translation, protein synthesis.

DNA of prokaryotes. The chromosome structure of eukaryotes. Regulation of gene expression.

Human genetics: transmission of mono and multi-factorial treats, hereditary diseases of autosomal and X-chromosome linked types. Biotechnology: recombinant DNA and its potential bio-technological applications.

Inheritance and environment.

Mutations. Natural and artificial selection. Evolutionary theories. The genetic basis

of evolution.

Anatomy and Physiology of animals and humans

Animal tissues. Anatomy of the major organs and their functions and interactions in Humans. Homeostasis.

**Section 3: Chemistry**

The constitution of matter

States of matter; heterogeneous and homogeneous systems; compounds

and elements.

The structure of the atom

Elementary particles, atomic number and mass number, isotopes, electronic

structure of atoms of the elements.

The periodic table of elements

Groups and periods, transition elements, periodic properties of elements: atomic

radius, ionization potential, electron affinity, metals and non-metals; relations

between electronic structure, position in the periodic table and properties.

The chemical bond:

Ionic bond, covalent bond, bond polarity, electronegativity.

Fundamentals of inorganic chemistry:

Nomenclature and main properties of inorganic compounds: oxides, hydroxides,

acids, salts; position in the periodic table.

Chemical reactions and stoichiometry:

Atomic and molecular weight, Avogadro constant, concept of the mole, conversion

from grams to moles and vice versa, elementary stoichiometric calculations,

balancing simple reactions, various types of chemical reactions.

Solutions:

Solvent properties of water, solubility, the main ways of expressing the

concentration of solutions.

Elements of chemical kinetics and catalysis.

Oxidation and reduction:

Oxidation number, the concepts of oxidising and reducing agents.

Acids and bases

Concepts of acids and bases, acidity, neutrality and basicity of aqueous

solutions, pH, buffers, hydrolysis.

Fundamentals of organic chemistry

Bonds between carbon atoms; molecular, structural and displayed formulae; concept of

isomers; aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons; functional groups: alcohols,

ethers, amines, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amides. Elements of nomeclature.

**Section 4: Physics & Mathematics**

**Physics**

Measures

Direct and indirect measures, fundamental and derived quantities, physical

dimensions of quantities, knowledge of the metric system and the CGS System of

Units, Technical (or practical) (ST) and the International System (SI) of Units (names

and relationships between fundamental and derived units), and multiples and submultiples (names and values).

Kinematics

Kinematic quantities, various types of motion with particular regard to uniform and

uniformly accelerating rectilinear motion, uniform circular motion, harmonic

motion (for all motion: definition and relationships between measures).

Dynamics

Vectors and operations on vectors. Forces, moments of forces about a point. Vector

composition of forces. Definitions of mass and weight. Acceleration due to gravity.

Density and specific gravity. Law of universal gravitation, 1st, 2nd and 3rd laws of

motion. Work, kinetic energy, potential energy. Principle of conservation of energy.

Fluid mechanics

Pressure, and its units of measurement (not only in the SI system). Archimedes’

principle. Pascal’s principle. Stevino’s law.

Thermodynamics

Thermometry and calorimetry. Specific heat, heat capacity. Mechanisms of heat

propagation. Changes of state and latent heat. Ideal Gas Laws. First and second

laws of thermodynamics.

Electrostatics and electrodynamics

Coulomb’s law. Field and electric potential. Dielectric constant. Capacitors.

Capacitors in series and in parallel. Direct current. Ohm’s law. Electrical resistance

and resistivity, electrical resistors in series and in parallel. Work, Power, Joule effect.

Generators. Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents. Effects of electrical

currents (thermal, chemical and magnetic).

**Mathematics**

Algebra and numerical sets

Natural numbers, integers, rational and real numbers. Sorting and comparison,

scales and scientific notation. Operations and their properties. Proportions and

percentages. Powers with whole and rational exponents and their properties. Roots

and their properties. Logarithms (base 10 and base e) and their properties.

Elements of combinatorics. Algebraic and polynomial expressions. Special products

of binomials, n th power of a binomial, factorisation of polynomials. Algebraic

fractions. Algebraic equations and inequalities of the first and second order.

Systems of equations.

Functions

Basic concepts of functions and their graphical representations (domain, codomain,

sign, maxima and minima, increasing and decreasing, etc.). Elementary functions:

whole and fractional algebraic functions, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric

functions. Composite functions and inverse functions. Trigonometric equations and

inequalities.

Geometry

Polygons and their properties. Circle and circumference. Measurement of length,

area and volume. Isometries, similarities and equivalences in the plane. Geometric

loci. Measure angles in degrees and radians. Sine, cosine, tangent of an angle and

their significant values. Trigonometric formulas. Solving triangles. Cartesian

reference system in a plane. Distance between two points and the midpoint of a

segment. Equation of a line. Concepts of parallel and perpendicular. Distance of a

point from a straight line. Equation of the circle, the parabola, hyperbola, ellipse and

their representation in the Cartesian plane. Pythagorean theorem.

Probability and Statistics

Frequency distributions and their graphic representations. Concepts of random

experiments and of events. Probability and frequency.

To have some tips on how to prepare for this test read here

(source: http://www.admissionstestingservice.org/images/47830-imat-specification-rebranded-.pdf)

### Alex Ochakovski (Pavia)

Alex is a graduate of Harvey Medical course in English, taught in Pavia University and the founder of MEDschool.it. He currently pursuits his carrier in Ophthalmology and ophthalmic gene therapy research in Germany.

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